Tsunami also called Seismic
Sea Wave, or tidal wave, catastrophic ocean wave, usually cause by a
submarine earthquake occurring less than 50 km beneath the seafloor,
with a magnitude grater than 6.5 on the Richter scale. Under water
or coastal landslides or volcanic eruptions also may cause a
The surface orbital motion
of any progressive oscillatory wave is transmitted diminishingly
downward through the water, becoming insignificant at a depth below
the surface equal to approximately half the wavelength. Tsunamis,
however, being enormously longer than every the greatest ocean
depths, experience significant retardation of orbital motion near
the seafloor and behave as shallow-water waves regardless of the
depth of the ocean the waves are propagated across. The velocity of
shallow-water waves is controlled by this friction with the bottom,
obeying formula (c=gd)
Tsunamis are reflected and
refracted by near shore bottom topography and coastal configurations
as any other water waves. Thus, their effects very widely from place
to place. Occasionally, the first arrival of tsunami at a coast may
be a trough, the water receding and exposing the shallow seafloor.
Such an occurrence in Lisbon, pot., on Nov. 1,1755, attracted many
curious people to the bay floor; and a large number of them were
drowned by the succeeding wave crest that arrived only minutes
later. Perhaps the most destructive tsunami was the one that
occurred in 1703 at Awa, Japan, killing more than 100,000 people.
The spectacular underwater volcanic explosions that obliterated
Krakatau (Krakatoa) island on Aug. 26 and 27. 1883 created waves as
high as 35 m in many east Indies localities, killing more than
William Shakespeare was a
great writer. He had wonderful ideas and language. He is very famous
for writing plays. His plays are so interesting and realistic that
one’s mind completely involves in it. One of his famous and highly
successful plays are Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Julius Caesar, a
midsummer night’s dream, a romantic comedy, merchant of Venice also
a romantic comedy.
In his opinion this world is
a stage and we are its actors and have our specific roles. We our
bound to do our acts. This wonderful thing he has mentioned almost
in his every play. As in his play “The merchant of Venice” one of
his characters Antonio said “Well all play our part in this world,
gratanio, and my part is a sad one”.
This shows that his plays
are based on reality. I think this is the only reason that his plays
are famous all over the world.
His dialogues really mean a
lot. Either they are romantic one or sad he has always beautifully
worded his ideas and dialogues. His characters have very high moral,
strong ethical values and are modest and humble. The heroes of his
plays are very sincere and loyal to beloveds. His way of writing and
expressing a particular aspect shows that how confident and bold he
He not only used English in
his plays but some words of other languages too. Like in “The
merchant of Venice” signor Antonio where signor is an Italian world
for sir. There were some scenes or situations in his plays where a
friend becomes a betrayer like in “Julius Caesar”, “Macbeth” and “A
midsummer night’s dream”.
His tragedies are the best
but sometimes, while writing comedies he lost his balance for
should we do?
Once Hazrat Rabia Bassri was
passing through a street, holding fire in one hand and some water in
the other. Someone asked her, “Where and why you are going in this
She said, “It’s my desire to
set the fire on Allah’s heaven so that people worship him without
any greed of heaven and this water I want to set the fire off of
hell. So that people avoid sins without my fear”.
Well I think we should do
good work without any greed and abstaining from every bad thing with
any fear. This is the actual meaning of sincerity and devotion to
Science and Human
Science and man’s helpmate.
It has been a great blessing to man. It has conquered nature with
the help of science, man controls the greatest force. In fact in
every field of life science enables man to lead an easy comfortable
There are many benefits of
science. It has helped the blind to see, the deaf to hear and the
lame to walk. In the older age, ordinary fever took a huge toll of
life. There were no preventive measures against small pox, plague
and choleras but now better treatment methods have been invented by
the scientists. Many and great researches have been made in the
field of medicine. The discovery of vitamins has given greater
health to man the X-rays have also done much good to man.
Science has made our
traveling comfortable. We can travel in railways, ships, motel-cars
and aero planes. The most distant places of the world have nearer to
one another. The journey that once took months can now be covered in
A host of advantages have to
man, as a result of the advances made by science and technology. It
has given us comforts and luxuries. Fields of knowledge experience
and reaction open in the past only to a few have been throw open to
But the demerits of the
scientific progress are no less significant. It has destroyed the
established moral values of society. Man has become a slave of a
St Joan of Arc was the
peasant girl who Ted France defeat in the hundred years war and was
burned at the stake for her beliefs was called JEANNE d’ Arc in
France. She called her self Jeanni la Pucelle (Joan the maid)
She was brought up in the
village of Domremy, near Nancy, northeastern France.
By the age of 13 Joan was
having visions and believed that God has chosen her to help the
French king Charles VII to beat the English.
Joan tried to see the king
but was laughed at until she was finally admitted to the king’s
court in 1429.
To test Joan, the king stood
in disguise amongst his courtiers but Joan recognized him instantly
and also told him what he asked for in his secret prayers.
Joan was given armour and an
army to rescue the town of Orleans from the English and succeeded in
just ten days.
Joan then led Charles
through enemy territory to be crowned at Rheims Cathedral.
In May 1430, Joan was
captured by the English and accused of witchcraft.
Joan insisted that her
visions came from God, so a tribunal of French clergy condemned her
as a heretic. She was burned at the stake in Roven on 30 May
1431.Shortly after her death the pope pronounced Joan innocent of
all crimes. She was later made a Saint.
Most of us have had, one or
two, dreadful experiences in our life, which haunt us till the last
day. Last year, I had a dreadful experience, something so scary and
I can’t help but think about it.
Venue D-block Class IXC we
all students were sitting in our respective class and waiting for
the new teacher to come and deliver us a lecture. What happened next
is strange to believe……….that particular, let’s say MR. X came. He
looked like a humble, generous man. We all were impressed when he
started his lecture, but soon his hands started shaking; all of a
sudden he looked weak. Unable to say mare words he to our stumbled
and fell on the floor, a strange white thing started coming out of
his mouth. We rushed out of the class. All the teachers and our
principal gathered, they took him to the hospital. Sorry to say, he
died at the spot.
Thought he was a stranger
for us, we all couldn’t help but cry and pray for him.
It would have been better if
she were dead, Rebecca thought. The accident that had taken the life
of her parents had also made her handicapped at the mercy of her
aunt. She couldn’t climb, was not used to crutches and thus all her
movements were restricted until her aunt helped her. But ‘sweet’
Aunt Randy was busier in her personal affairs. To Rebecca, her
parent’s death, amputation of her legs and the true colours of Aunt
Randy came as a great shock. She had never thought that a few hours
of unfortunate happenings could change the entire state of her life.
Yesterday basketball champ
was not even able to play her favourite game today. That was a pity
because non she had nothing to distract her.
All she saw, these days, was
the death of her parents. She dreamt about it, cried for it but
could not do anything except being patient.
How her parents were
laughing when their car hit the truck. Her mother’s eternal laugh
was still ringing in her ears. They must have died quickly thought
Rebecca. She wished they had taken her with them.
None of her friends have
called her. She tried to convince herself that her aunt had driven
them away but they knew other ways of contacting her. She was sure,
though, that none of her friends could support her now. Their faces
will only force Rebecca to remember the glorious past and then cry
and scream at empty walls.
Rebecca wondered how she has
survived, such depression. Any one could succumb under it. Well, she
is a brave girl her father says so, she told herself and just then a
tiny but obvious voice made a correction in her last thought. “Her
father used to say so”. It was so hard for her to believe that her
beloved parents were dead.
She felt dishearted,
discouraged, distorted at heart and mind and trapped. Yeh, ‘trapped’
it was the exact word to describe Rebecca’s state. She felt her soul
trapped in her incomplete body.
She wanted to be free and
the thought of committing suicide struck her. But this thought went
as quickly as it had come.
She was brave, she would not
let reality overcome her enthusiasm, her spirit, she would
But how? She tried to find
the answer but in vain. But she was sure that if she tries hard
enough, she will defeat her dismal destiny. Now she felt a bit
better, a bit spiritually raised but the poignant thoughts never
stopped coming into her mind.
She sat on her wheelchair,
thinking and staring at the sky, asking God why He has chosen such
fate for her. But she had to decide now and she decided to cope with
her dreadful fate. She would cope with it and prove that she is her
She knew now that no matter
how trapped she felt, time will pass and her life will find a way.
The thought of others who
survive after facing more hardships than Rebecca would be her
survival Kit until her life opted for a change.